Revealing the Secrets and techniques of India’s Longest Railway Tunnel Linking Kashmir

The longest practice tunnel in India, often known as Pir Panjal (or T-80), is the one wide-meter mountain railway within the nation and runs by way of the Pir Panjal mountain vary between Quazigund and Baramulla in Jammu and Kashmir. It’s considered a challenge of nationwide significance.

The 11.2-kilometer tunnel is a portion of the Northern Railways’ 272 km Udhampur – Srinagar – Baramulla rail connection challenge. It’s positioned 440 meters beneath the present Jawahar Tunnel, which is closed throughout the winter months on account of extreme snowfall within the space.

The longest railway tunnel within the nation accomplished its trial run in 2013 when a practice travelled the 11 km stretch in 20 minutes. Your complete 17.5-mile journey from Qazigund to Banihal took half-hour.

The tunnel was initially a bit of the 119-kilometer Quazigund to Baramulla railway route, which began service in October 2009. The hole of simply 11 km was created by the Pir Panjal tunnel between Banihal within the south and Quazigund within the north.

A 3 m extensive highway runs beside the 8.4 m extensive tunnel for emergency and upkeep wants. Snow has much less impact on the railway tunnel since it’s maintained at a top 450 meters beneath that of the highway tunnel. As well as, the tunnel has provisions for security monitoring, fireplace combating, and air flow.

It’s vital to keep in mind that one of the tough sections of the entire Kashmir rail community challenge is the world round Banihal and Qazigund.

The 272 km Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla Rail Hyperlink (USBRL) challenge was authorized in 1994–1995 and has a finances of Rs 37,012 crore; as of March 2022, expenditures have been spent in opposition to this quantity of Rs 26,786 crore.

Of the 272 km whole size of the USBRL challenge, 161 km have already been put into service, and development has began on the 111 km left within the Katra-Banihal phase.

Nineteen (9) Passenger Particular practice providers are working within the Baramula-Badgam-Banihal phase of the USBRL Venture as of March 2023. Moreover, the Indian Railways are repeatedly increasing its practice providers and introducing new ones, contingent on the amount of visitors, the viability of their operations, and the provision of rolling inventory.


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